Cuncolim

Cuncolim is a village situated in the Salcete district of South Goa. It is known to have a municipal council of its own and is part of the Assolna, Velim and Cuncolim network of villages. The village was earlier known as Kumkumahalli which meant a village where kumkum or vermilion was produced and it thus derived the name Cuncolim.

The village of Cuncolim is known for the Cuncolim Revolt against Portuguese expansion in India. In 1583 during a protest, five Jesuits were killed and were termed as the Martyrs of Cuncolim a title given by the Catholic Church. Their bodies were thrown in a well and people from all parts of Goa sought this water due to its miraculous healing. They were buried at the Our Lady of the Snows at Rachol, and until 1597 remained there, when they were removed to the college of St. Paul in Goa, and to the cathedral of Old Goa in 1862. The solemn beatification of the five martyrs was celebrated at St. Peter's in Rome On the 16th of April, 1893 and in Goa it was in 1894. Ever since then the feast has been kept with great solemnity at Cuncolim.

There are 12 clans in Cuncolim that have the same names in the temple as well as the church. The village also has 12 bunds or water gathering centres which is unique traditional village irrigation. The villagers in Cuncolim live in unity and communal harmony and the Hindus as well as Christians celebrate zatras as well as the feasts with the same pomp and fervour.

Cuncolim is also the original site of the Shree Shantadurga temple before it was demolished and the idol was taken to Fatorpa where the Shree Santeri Cuncolikarin temple stands today. In January/February the annual zatra is held in which the Utsav idol of the Goddess is taken back to the original site at Cuncolim in a procession. There are also seven other temples in Cuncolim.

Cuncolim has a church known as the Our Lady of Health Church and a number of chapels. There is also a school situated here known as the Our Lady of Health School and a local college. In 1987, the Cuncolim Education Society College of Arts & Commerce was established. Cuncolim also has a market where one can get all necessities. Besides all this there are also a number of places to visit in Cuncolim such as the Molanguinim Cave and the Nayaband Lake.

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