Mangoes of Goa cover the largest area under fruit crops in Goa that exist in a large number of varieties. The different species available in the state indicate the support extended to the mango by the Portuguese. The following are some of the species of mangoes available in Goa:
Also known as Goa Mankur, Kurad, Malcorado, Corado etc, this is the most popular variety that is available throughout Goa. It has a long history of cultivation and is known exclusively as a table fruit. The Portuguese named it Malcorado meaning poor coloured and in time this word transformed to Mankurad.
This version also known as Malgesta, Malgessa, Malgueso and Malgess is popular in North Goa with a variation in fruit colour, size and quality. The name means difficult to digest in Portuguese and the fruit is used as a table fruit. The two types recognised are Khand Malgesh - a thick skinned inferior quality and Akno Malgesh - a superior quality.
This variety popular throughout Goa is used exclusively as a table fruit. Many people like its peculiar flavor which is tangy and not very sweet. A lot of variation exists in this variety.
Also known as Bispo, this variety of mango in Goa is not very popular and has limited cultivation in North Goa. It is a choice only if the other varieties are unavailable or expensive. The mango is available in the market towards the end of May and is known as a table fruit of mediocre quality. According to legend the name of the mango is inspired by the large belly of a bishop!
This variety of mango also known as Goa Appus or Goa Alfonso is used as a table fruit and is known for the big size. It is fast disappearing as the Ratnagiri Alfonso is preferred at present. The Ratnagiri Alfonso is of better quality as far as the shelf life is concerned and this gaining popularity.
The Hilario mango also known as Mang Hilario, Mangilar, Mangilal etc enjoys the same position as Mankurad and is hugely popular in North Goa. Exclusively used as a table fruit, it fetches a good price in the market as it is very sweet. The tree is reported to have originated in the garden of one Hilario Fernandes of Siolim in the Bardez taluka and hence the name. It is a very late variety with fruits maturing even upto July and thus is extremely popular in the market as it comes when no other good mango varieties are available.
Popularly cultivated in North Goa, Mussarat or Monserrate de Bardez is named after teh Bardez taluka where it originated. The immature fruits of this variety exhibits an intense red colour. This variety is mostly used in the preparation of jams, sweet pickles and processed products.
The Fernandin mango also known as Fernandina is used exclusively as a table fruit and very popular as it does not get spoiled by rain nor by fruit flies.
Used exclusively as a table fruit, the xavier mango is very popular, juicy and a sweet variety. It is planted throughout the state and is marketed both in North and South Goa. Both fibrous and non fibrous forms exist.