Goa is well known on the world ornithology circuit as it has more than 400 bird species. Some of the commonly seen birds are cuckoos, pigeons, buzzards, eagles, ospreys, kites, doves, kestrels, kingfishers and woodpeckers. Most of the birding sites are near the Western Ghats forest, the paddy fields, river estuaries and beaches along the coastline. It has now become a very popular spot with professional bird - watchers from abroad, mainly UK, Scandinavia, and Denmark.
One can also see a lot of Bisons in herds in early mornings in Goa. Around the Bondla eco - tourism cottages one can see Panthers that prowl to hunt deer. At Devil's Canyon jungles rare sightings of Black Panther can be seen. Some of the commonly seen animals are the mouse deer, barking deer and the hog deer along with the Giant Malabar Squirrel.
At some remote beaches of Goa in shallow waters one can see long beaked dolphins. From September to March the famous Olive Ridley sea turtles lay eggs on the Agonda beach and Morjim beach. Goa also has 23 species of snakes and four species of bats.
Near Old Goa the Cumbarjua Canal is famous for 'crocodile safari'. There is also an interesting lake in Sanguem called the Netravali 'bubble lake'. It has continuous bubbles rising up to the surface which strangely increase in intensity if you clap loudly.
Over 3000 different species of plants and flowering trees are found in Goa. The most famous tree seen all over is the coconut palm that is also very useful for the Goans. Huge trees such as Banyan and Pipal are also found all over the state. Even plantations like areca nut, jackfruits, mango and cashew nut are spread all over.